Shakespeare wrote one of the most famous statements about Rose in the play ‘Romeo and Juliet.’
A rose by any other name would smell as sweet.
The sentence said about this flower is true as the very name reminds us of feelings of love, warmth and positivity. A rose with a stem is often given as a token of love and friendship.
Though the beauty of this flower is admired all over the world, sadly, the medicinal properties and health benefits of rose are mostly ignored. In fact, many are unaware what is plant can do. So, here is a well-researched article that throws light on the therapeutic properties and components of the various parts (fruits, petals and flower) of the rose plant.
Also Read: Health Benefits Of Hibiscus
Rose is a thorny, woody plant that belongs to the family of Rosaceae. It is quite interesting to read that there are more than 100 species of this plant and that too in different colors. These plants are believed to have originated from Asia; however, today they are widely grown in many parts of the world like North America, Europe, and North Africa.
Roses have different meanings. Though they are beautiful, there are some doubts on their growth. Expert gardeners specify that it is easy to start a rose garden. The most important factor concerning this plant is the quantity of water made available in any season. You have to be very careful regarding health as the rose plant is prone to fungal diseases (known as powdery mildew and black spots); this happens when the foliage is kept wet. It is recommended to seek the advice of an expert if you are a beginner of gardening of roses. They can give you the best advice on the variety that can be grown as per the environment.
Roses have always been known as ornamental flowers. You can find numerous painting or photos with women or children having roses beautifully decorated on their hair. Rose petals are also used in prayers.
When it comes to cuisine, due to their rich Vitamin C content, rose hips are converted into soup, used as a tea, jam, marmalade, jelly, etc. Wondering what ‘rose hip’ is? Well, it is the fruit of the rose plant. The color varies from red to orange while they can also be dark purple or black. They become ripe in the last weeks of summer right up to autumn.
7 Amazing Health Benefits Of Rose
1. Enriched With Vital Vitamins
The beneficial components present in rose plants are flavonoids, anthocyanins, terpenes and glycosides. This plant also has myrcene, kaempferol, quercetin, carboxylic acid, etc. Some of the identified components in rose oil are nonadecane, geraniol, kaempferol, nerol, and β-citronellol. However, it has been found that the components having the most therapeutic properties in rose plants are phenolic compounds. They exhibit properties of antioxidants, antidepressants, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer. Moreover, they act as free-radical scavengers. The vitamins found in rose are vitamin E, vitamin D, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin B3.
2. Fights Depression
Flavonoids present in rose plant exhibit antidepressant properties. The extract of the plant has been scientifically proven to reduce the amyloid β, which is the pathological cause of Alzheimer disease. The oil also contains beneficial components such as eugenol and geraniol, which are well known for its antiepileptic effects.
3. Effective Against Heart Problems and HIV
The new compound extracted from rose known as cyanidin-3-O-β-glucoside (research is in the middle stages) may be effective in improving the function of the heart. There were few compounds identified in rose (R. damascene) Kaempferol 1 as well as 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosides 3 and 6 that showed excellent anti-activity against HIV-infected cells.
4. Rose Oil Has Multiple Benefits
The rose oil shows antibacterial activity because of nerol, geraniol and citronellol against bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Chromobacterium violaceum, Erwinia carotovora, Escherichia coli, B. subtilis, etc. The rose plant, similar to many medicinal plants also shows antioxidant activities. This is due to the presence of phenolic compounds. The rose flower can extend the lifespan of skin due to its anti-oxidant properties. The ethanolic compound found in rose plant shows the anti-lipase effect. Many eye drops contain rose compounds (made from rose petals) because of their anti-infective, anti-inflammatory properties.
The rose oil can be used for the treatment of nausea, ulcers, dehydration, infections of the urinary tract, colon and stomach. However, it is used in combination with other compounds such as grapefruit and almonds.
5. Rose Tea Cures Infections
The tea made from rose petals can enhance the secretion of bile in the liver and help in cleaning the gall bladder. Also, it can also reduce the symptoms of bronchial infections and sore throats.
6. Rose Water Relieves Constipation
The rose water (by steam distillation) prepared from Persian variety of rose plants can give relief from constipation, can cleanse the blood, and enhance the positivity of mind. It is also used in the treatment of chicken pox and measles. However, it is best to consider a naturopath doctor if you are suffering from serious ailments.
7. Rose Tea Relieves Congestion
The medicinal tea prepared from rose petals, leaves, hips or combinations can assist in reducing a fever. It can flush out toxins present in the body and reduces skin rashes too. Due to the presence of flavonoids present in rose tea, it helps in boosting the immune system. The other beneficial properties are relief from the chest and bronchial congestion and a runny nose.
To prepare a cup of healthy rose tea, follow the steps given below:
- Step 1: Mix four tablespoons of pure rose petals with five cups of water.
- Step 2: Boil for minimum ten minutes.
- Step 3: Add a few drops of organic honey (optional) and then drink while warm.
The rose hips are a rich source of natural citric acid, fructose, flavonoids, bioflavonoids and zinc.
Benefits Of Eating Rose Jam (Gulkand)
In Asian countries, you will find ‘Gulkand (Rose Jam)’ being sold in different locations. It is highly nutritious, as it is made out of rose petals, honey, and a variety of other health ingredients. In some, you find honey, cardamom seeds, etc.
Long considered as an ayurvedic tonic, rose jam is used to treat many diseases like excess heat in the body, eyes inflammation, acidic symptoms in the stomach, etc. The other benefits include:
- It is mainly used to treat ulcers in the mouth.
- It is used since ancient times to treat menstrual pain.
- It can enhance your appetite, solve digestive problems, removes toxins from the blood.
- It calms the nerves.
- It helps get rid of stress problems.
- Attar or in simple words fragrance prepared from roses can stimulate nervous and immune systems.
- It is also excellent for digestive tract as it can heal mucous membranes.
Hope, you loved reading and knowing about the health benefits of rose. Share with us in comments why rose is your favorite flower.