Home Remedies To Soothe Your Sore Throat

Feeling itchy and sore at the back of your throat? Fret not! It isn’t life threatening. You may be one of the several individuals who have experienced the sore throat at least once in your lifetime. This article will exclusively focus on helping you treat a sore throat with the simple home remedies. However, before you attempt treating the condition, here is what you need to know about the itch that has been repeatedly bothering you. Sore throat is the irritation caused by acute pharyngitis (inflammation of the throat). In this article on home remedies for sore throat information has been given on the causes of infection and simple Do-It-Yourself techniques for getting relief from the discomfort.

The clinical investigations do not indicate the condition being associated with a particular age group. However, there are some risk group members such as people with a weaker immune system, chain smokers and many more. Since, sore throat is a viral condition; it can spread when you make physical contact or share the space with the infected members. People who are susceptible to upper respiratory infections must take particular care, as the condition can amplify when they acquire the virus causing the disease.

 

home remedies for sore throat

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There are several causes of a sore throat. A vast majority of cases are associated with viral pharyngitis. A sore throat can also be triggered by other factors such as infectiontrauma and in rare instances by tumors.

Viral Infection

Cold and flu viruses cause the inflammation of the throat. Many of these infections have viral properties.

Other Types Of Viral Infections Include:

  • Mononucleosis: When you are infected, the saliva becomes the medium of transmission.
  • Measles: It is highly contagious and the symptoms are rashes and fever.
  • Chickenpox: It infects the children primarily and causes skin sores. The initial stages are skin rashes and then it develops into blisters.
  • Croup: It is an infection of the larynx that is symptomatic of inflammation and also breathing difficulties.

Bacterial Infection

Bacteria can contribute to the sore throat. The commonest symptoms are:

  • Strep throat: When Streptococcal bacteria thrive in the mouth cavity, it causes inflammation of the throat.
  •  Diphtheria: It is another disseminating disease that not just causes inflammation but can also affect other people easily.
  • Whooping cough: When your mucous membrane swells, it becomes hoarse, and you will experience a stinging cough.

Environmental Factors

Sore throat isn’t always caused by viral or bacterial manifestation. The environment you live in can worsen conditions.  So, if you are allergic to the pets, pollen, and other irritants, it can cause a post-nasal drip. Excess mucous accumulates at the back of the throat and cause irritation, pain or inflammation.

When your throat is dry, they can aggravate the inflammation as well. Active and passive smokers are equally susceptible to a sore throat. If you have the habit of speaking loudly, you could be frequented by a sore throat.

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There are several associated symptoms with the sore throat such as the swollen glands in the neck, dry throat, white patches on the tonsils and hoarseness. When the condition is severe, you will experience difficulty in swallowing food and liquid. The pain will intensify when you attempt swallowing in haste.  The intensity of the pain can vary spontaneously depending on the severity of the condition, and the pain can be from moderate to severe.

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List Of Home Remedies For A Sore Throat

1. Gargle With Warm Salt Water

Remember when your grandma told you the importance of gargling, while you ignored it? You underestimated the power of this simple remedy too soon. Gargling is simple, yet a definite cure for many cold-related conditions. Gargling with salt water will prevent you from many cold causing symptoms.

It is the simplest and the easiest way to rid of sore throat with no hard efforts. It flushes out the itchy feeling and the irritants.  The salt will absorb the water from within the swollen mucous glands.

natural home remedies for sore throat

Step 1

You need one cup of warm water and a half teaspoon of table salt.

Heat water until it is warm, but not extremely hot.

Step 2

Thoroughly mix the salt. Gargle.

Step 3

Repeat thrice throughout the day as needed.

How Does It Work?

Salt in the mixture withdraws moisture from the bacteria in the throat tissue. The procedure prevents bacteria from growth. When moisture is drawn out of the swollen tissues causing sore throat, inflammation is reduced. The area gets flushed by the water and the bacteria are removed.

The other benefit is the reaction of salt water on the throat mucous lining portion. The mucous can be an area for allergens, irritants, viruses and bacteria – the main causes for infection. The chemical ingredients in salt can kill all these agents and provide relief.

Not Good For, If:

  • You are having a high concentration of salt in the mixture for gargling. More salt can draw water from the throat and will dry the soft tissue. You can experience more cough.
  • You are prone to high blood pressure. If you consume the salt water by error, the body can become dehydrated and you can have dry mouth as well as rapid heartbeat. You will experience feelings of dizziness and headaches.

 

2. Suck On Garlic

OK, it may not have been the best of things you have done so far. But, if you are sure that you wouldn’t be spending the evening with a company of people, you can risk the bad breath and take a clove of garlic. Suck on it till you have found relief. The garlic has a rich antibacterial ingredient called as allicin that fights germ build up and acts as pain alleviating agent.

remedies for a sore throat

Step 1

Take a clove of garlic and cut into equal pieces.

Step 2

Place the halved clove on either side of the cheek and gently crush them.

Step 3

The juice from the garlic might burn your cheeks, but it will work gently on your throat by reducing the inflammation and then killing the bacteria.

Procedure

Repeat the procedure three times a day.

How Does It Work?

The crushing of garlic cloves will release allicin, the medicinal, antibacterial component. The other beneficial ingredients of garlic are sulphur, selenium, Vitamin C and multiple enzymes.

Not Good For, If:

  • You are pregnant or if you are allergic to garlic.
  • You are breast-feeding a baby, or suffering from other disorders such as diabetes, blood disease or stomach and bowel problems.
  • In diabetes patients, garlic can lower the blood sugar levels. In case you are taking medications for herbal preparation or dietary supplements, and you have taken the mixture, call for medical care if experienced the following symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, swelling in the lips, mouth, face and tongue.

 

3. Peppermint Gargle

It can be described as a herb usually found in consumer products such as toothpaste and chewing gums. The other medicinal benefits are treatment in menstrual cramps, anxiety and digestive disorders.

sore throat home remedies

Step 1

Take two tablespoons of peppermint leaves and one cup of water. Pour the water in a bowl and mix the peppermint leaves.

Step 2

Heat the mixture in a stove.

Step 3

The mixture should be steeped for five minutes to become warm.

Procedure

You can use the mixture to gargle and repeat the process twice a day till you find relief.

How Does It Work?

The critical ingredient in the peppermint is the menthol. The benefits of menthol are its soothing and anesthetic properties which can relieve congestion by breaking down mucus and phlegm.

Not Good For, If:

  •  You are breast-feeding a baby. Peppermint has been found to reduce production of milk. It stimulates menstrual flow in pregnant woman and must be avoided.
  •  You are suffering from a gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as hiatal hernia. The herb has been found to relax the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach. Hydrochloric acid can move into the esophagus causing stomach upset and worsening of gallstones.
  •  You are using drugs such as felodipine (for blood pressure) and simvastatin (cholesterol-lowering drug). Peppermint might interact with these medications and adverse reactions can occur.

 

4. Licorice Root

Having a sore throat is an uncomfortable situation. Albeit it isn’t a serious condition, it may incessantly interfere with your day to day activities. Especially, when you sleep or rest. Fortunately, there are some top class at-home remedies that will help you soothe the mucous membrane that will in turn relax your throat from the irritation.

The practice of using Licorice root for treating sores and other illness has been a tradition among various cultures of the world. It is often shown to be effective when you mix the root with warm water and gargle the solution.

The benefits of licorice are still to be discovered. The root is rich in anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties; it brings instant relief from swelling and inflammation. The licorice water is readily available over the counter, or you can prepare them yourself at home. Here is how you can make the licorice tea to give a twist of flavor and to benefit the healing process.

natural home remedies for sore throat

Step 1

Take half cup chopped dry licorice root and one cup of water.

Take a large bowl and mix the ingredients listed above. Make sure you mix them thoroughly.

Step 2

Allow the mixture to boil at medium heat and then allow it to simmer for another 10 minutes.

Step 3

Finally, pour the mix into a large tea mug after straining the tea and sip slowly.

How Does It Work?

Licorice – the main medicinal ingredient is known as glycyrrhizin which can control the discomfort caused by sore throat and other respiratory problems. It loosens and thins out the mucus in the respiratory passages and throat. When an individual coughs, the action brings out the mucus and irritants. Licorice has powerful antioxidants and boosts the levels of interferon, the immunity chemical that is vital in fending off viruses.

Not Good For, If:

  •  You are pregnant. Consumption of more than 250 grams a week can cause a premature delivery.
  • You have a history of high blood pressure. Licorice can make your BP shoot to high levels.
  •  You have a heart problem. The medicinal root can make the body store excess water and you might suffer a congestive heart failure.
  • You have a history of hormone-sensitive conditions such as uterine cancer, uterine fibroids and breast cancer. Licorice acts similar to the hormone estrogen in the body.
  • You have a nerve problem or hypertonia. Licorice can decrease potassium levels in the blood.
  • You have an erectile dysfunction (ED) problem. The testosterone hormone levels will decrease further by usage of licorice.
  • You are to undergo surgery. Usage of licorice may make your blood pressure levels go haywire.

 

5. Apple Cider Vinegar 

Step 1

Add one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and one tablespoon of honey.

 Step 2 

You can add the mixture to a cup of hot water and consume the mixture.

In natural medicine, the vinegar has been known for its curing properties from simple ailments to building immunity against major diseases. Similar to other popular natural vegetables and herbs, many of the properties remain unknown.

 

home remedies for prevention of sore throat

 

How Does It Work?

The liquid contains vitamins such as B1, B2, A, E, magnesium, calcium and potassium which can eliminate sinus cavities and reduce symptoms of allergy. Since thepH level is high, the mucus can be broken, and the airways will be cleared of a sinus infection. ACV is also known for its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties and known for clearing sinuses.

 

Not Good, If:

You suffer from gastric problems. The symptoms can be swelling of the abdomen orabdominal pain, loss or appetite.

 

6. Steam

The best and easy remedy for a sore throat. This remedy will ease out the symptoms if you face chest congestion. No need to pay for a sauna room or steam room for getting the treatment.

 Step 1

 You need a large bowl containing more than half of the water.

 Step 2

 Include eucalyptus oil in the water (this process is optional).

 Step 3

You can boil the mixture for quarter of an hour.

 Step 4

Take a large, clean cloth and spread it over your head to prevent the steam from escaping.

 Step 5

 Lean over and inhale the steam. 

Note: before doing this process, you have to drink two glasses of warm water. Also, if you are having low blood pressure ensure you put a cold towel over the head.

 

reducing symptoms of sore throat

 

How Does It Work?

The heat from steam assists in opening the tubes (airway passage to the throat) and reduces the pressure. This helps in draining the fluids from the throat and gets you free from infection.

The main chemical components of eucalyptus are 1,8 cineole, terpinen-4-ol, a-pinene, a-phellandrene, globulol and piperitone. 

Not Good, If:

  1. If you are suffering from breathing problems. After closure of the cloth around your head, you can suffer difficulty in breathing and dizziness.
  2. If you have asthma and heart problems. You might suffer from headache.

 

 

7. Cayenne

In case you like spicy food, you would have cayenne pepper in the home.

Step 1

Add half tablespoon of cayenne pepper or the similar amount of cayenne pepper powder to a bowl of hot water. You can add honey if you want.

Step 2

Boil the mixture and partake the soup two to three times a day.

 

 home remedies for reducing sore throat

How Does It Work?

The main medicinal ingredient of cayenne peppers is capsaicin, known to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiviral properties. It acts as a stimulant to promote sweat in the body. Capsaicin regulates the fever through regulation of pyrogenic cytokines.

The substance P is the component which sends pain or alarm signals to the brain. Capsaicin stops this component from moving to the brain.

Not Good, If:

  • You are allergic to bananas, chestnuts, avocado and latex. You will also be allergic to cayenne.
  • You have a history of low-blood-sugar or one who is suffering from gastric reflux disorder.
  • You are giving the mixture to this infant in fever. Doctors advise against this step and recommend on easily digestible foods to a child or infant during this phase.

 

8. Cloves 

Cloves can be described as the most preferred home remedy in  pain relief for sore throat.

Step 1

Take five or six cloves.

Step 2

Start munching on the first clove. Your tongue will burn for some time and tears may come in your eyes. But keep on, till the clove becomes soft. You can swallow the clove (no harm).

Repeat the same process with the second clove.

Note: The tongue and other parts inside the mouth may burn for some duration, but keep going. Have patience and drink water (optional) after five minutes.

 

remedy for sore throat

 

How Does It Work?

Cloves contain a chemical called as ‘eugenol’ which has several medicinal properties such as antiseptic and painkiller.

Not Good For, If:

  • You are suffering from hemophilia as eugenol has the properties of blood thinning agent or if you are taking medications with anticoagulants, do not ingest cloves. Also, do not use the method if you are to undergo surgery in few days.
  • You have low blood sugar levels; cloves can decrease the amount of sugar in the blood stream. Refrain from using clove supplements if you are planning to get pregnant or breast-feeding a baby.

 

9. Chamomile tea

A natural remedy for sore throats. The antibacterial properties kill bacteria and the medicinal components perform the function of a natural pain killer. It is also famous for its muscle relaxation properties.

Step 1

Boil a bowl of water and mix two to three grams of dry chamomile flower for five minutes.

Step 2

Strain the water and then drink.

Note: Have a discussion with the Doctor before giving chamomile tea to the child.

 

herbal remedies for sore throat

 

How Does It Work?

Chamomile tea is known for calming the nerves. It has major medicinal components such as apigenin (flavonoid) and oils such as bisabolol, matricin and bisabolol oxides A and B. Anti-inflammatory properties are exhibited by bisabolol and apigenin.

 

 Not Good, If:

  • You are pregnant. It might cause contractions in the uterus.
  • You are allergic to ragweed plants, daisies, chrysanthemums and celery. Oral allergy signs will be swelling of tongue, on the roof of mouth or lips.
  • You have a history of blood thinning. Chamomile will interfere with the medicines.

 

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In rare occasions when you find difficulty during consumption of food or making a conversation, consult a doctor for a clinical diagnosis. In some situation, you will be recommended to undergo tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils). Consider this surgery if you have reasons to believe your sore throat  isn’t responding to any antibiotics.

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Natural Prevention Home Remedies Against Sore Throat

Your throat is a sensitive part of the body that is vulnerable to infection and bacterial manifestation if you have compromised on oral hygiene. Wash your hands frequently to kill any thriving bacteria that can propagate and cause the infections. Follow these steps to prevent the condition from spreading.

  • Avoid sharing the consumables with the infected member.
  • Wash your hands frequently and if you cannot find water and soap, use hand sanitizers.
  •  Avoid all passive contact with the objects that are utilized by the infected person.
  • If you are sensitive to allergens and pollen, take necessary precautions to avoid exposure.
  • Smoking makes you suffer and then kills. So stop smoking. The heat from cigarettes will dry the throat and the area will become inflamed. The smoke can increase the amount of mucus irritation on the sensitive tissues of the throat.
  • Abstain from having cold drinks, spicy food, oily and fried food items in your regular diet. They can worsen the situation by irritating, drying or dehydrating the inflamed mucosa.
  • Avoid dehydrating your body by replenishing it sufficiently from time to time.  Also, make sure you consume warm fluids like soup or tea. Your throat irritation will be gone sooner than you notice.
  • Do not go to public places because you can become the source of infection to others. Most important, give the body a good rest and have a healthy diet.

Sore Throat Home Remedies: Bolster Your Immune System

Take precautions to reinforce your immune system. Along with the intake of herbs and nutritious food, take vitamin supplements such as vitamin E, C and minerals like zinc to boost the immune system. Taking vitamin C thrice a day will benefit your immune system and helps your body fight off bacteria and virus.

Note: Reduce the intake of vitamin C if you experience diarrhea.

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Natural Remedy VS Pharmacy

Cepacol Dual Relief spray, Walgreens Sugar Free Cough Drops Honey Lemon  and Chloraseptic Sore Throat Relief Spray Menthol are some of the preferred prescribed medicines for sore throat. The other types of lozenges are Ricola, Sucrets and Cold-eeze.

Listerine has been promoted as a remedy and preventive medicine for sore throat and colds.

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