Home Remedies To Lighten The Brown Spots On Skin

Rampant exposure to the sun can cause an increase in making the skin becoming darker (due to creation of cells (called as melanocytes) which increase the melanin in the skin). The triggering enzyme is called as tyrosinase, responsible for the color of hair and skin. These spots (dark patches) are called as age spots, dark spots, liver spots, brown spots and sun spots. The spots/patches are not a threat to health, however, many view them as an unattractive factor, in this article information will be provided on the home remedies by which you can lighten the age spots and make them less visible.

These spots can be seen on the skin areas which are exposed to the outside environment such as the neck, shoulders, face, back and hands.

 

Home remedies for brown spots

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The main causes of this ailment are found to be aging, genetics and sun exposure. Other Factors that contribute are pregnancy, vitamin deficiency, fluctuations of hormones, stress and improper functioning of liver.

Irrespective of color, race or ethnic background, everyone of us would have faced a pigmentation problem at least once in our lifetime.

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If you have a fair complexion, the spots can be seen clearly. However, it can also be seen in people with darker skin.

The shape will be flat and oval. The maximum size of spots will be more than half an inch (13 millimeters), and if grouped, they can be seen more prominently.

The color will be usually brown or black (tanned)

The spots will usually be found on skin that has more skin exposure such as top of feet, shoulders, face and upper back

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1. Buttermilk

A cup of buttermilk will give the best relief during a hot summer. One of the medical components of buttermilk, lactic acid contributes to the healthy nature of skin by making it stay refreshed and have a lighter tone. This method can be described as one of the common effective treatment for brown spots or age spots.

 

simple home remedy for brown spots

 

Step 1

Take five tablespoons of curd in a bowl. Add one cup of water.

Step 2

Mix the both together for three minutes till the cream comes out on top. Remove the cream. The remnants are called as buttermilk.

Step 3

You can dip a cotton ball in buttermilk and apply the liquid on the skin spots.

Step 4

Let the drops remain for ten to fifteen minutes and wash off with water.

In case of acne or oily skin, you can add two drops of honey to the mixture. The lightening effects will be seen in a month.

 

How Does It Work?

The main medicinal component in buttermilk is lactic acid (alpha hydroxyl acid). It acts as an exfoliator, lightens the brown spots and makes the skin stay refreshed. The other medicinal components of buttermilk are potassium, riboflavin and vitamin B12.

 

Not Good, If:

  1. If you have acne prone skin. If you get pimples after the use, discontinue the practice.
  2. You have a sensitive skin. Discontinue the procedure if you face irritation.

 

2. Sandalwood

Sandalwood has been used in ancient medicine and also in recent times as soaps and detergents. Applying of sandalwood cools the skin and it has anti-septic as well as anti-aging properties.

 

home remedy for brown spots

 

Step 1

Take five drops of sandalwood oil. Mix the drops with one tablespoon of olive oil.

Step 2

Apply on the affected areas every day before going to bed.

Step 3

In the morning, wash the applied areas with warm water.

 

How Does It Work?

The major components of sandalwood are sesquiterpene alcohols in which α-santalol can be from (7–60 percent) and β-santalol in the range of (7–33%). The β-santalol can lighten up the fair spots on the skin.

The sandalwood is widely known for its skin healing properties and it has been known as a “Cicatrisant.”

 

Not Good, If:

  1. If you are allergic to sandalwood. The side effects may be rashes, hives and itchy skin.

 

3. Pineapple Juice

Pineapple is well-known for its anti-aging properties.

 

best home remedy for age spots

 

Step 1

Cut a pineapple to two and discard the thick outer skin. Make the flesh into tiny slices.

Step 2

Put the slices in a blender and let them become a paste.

Step 3

Using a cotton ball, apply the fresh (100%) juice in the affected areas.

Step 4

Let the areas become dry and then rinse with cold water.

 

How Does It Work?

The Vitamin C in pineapple when applied to the skin, assists in fighting the damage to the skin (causes – sun and pollution, reduction of wrinkles and enhancing overall skin texture). Another important aspect is the contribution in creation of collagen, waning off the dead cells, lightening the tone of skin etc. The technique can be termed as some of the top natural remedies for prevention and treatment of dark spots.

Also, pineapple also contains potassium, calcium, manganese fiber etc. Other important resources found in pineapple are thiamin (Vitamin B1), copper, dietary fiber and vitamin B6.

 

4. Lemon Juice

Whether it is a simple ailment concerning any part of the body, lemon forms an essential ingredient for many home remedies. In this article you will be given information on how to reduce the brown spots on your skin.

Step 1

You can take a lemon, squeeze out the juice.

Step 2

Apply on the brown spots and let the juice remain for ten minutes to quarter of an hour.

Step 3

Wash off with warm or cold water.

Alternate Method

Step 1

As in the previous process, squeeze a lemon and take the juice.

Step 2

Put one teaspoon of sugar to the juice and mix them well.

Step 3

You can rub the affected area with this mixture. The exfoliation will take place using sugar granules and the bleaching will be done by lime juice.

 

II Alternate Method

Step 1

You can add one tablespoon of turmeric to three teaspoons of lemon juice on the region of brown spots.

Step 2

Let it remain on the spots for half an hour and then wash after thirty minutes.

 

III Alternate Method

You can make a mixture of four teaspoons of lemon juice and one five teaspoons of tomato juice and apply on the affected area. You can wash the residue after half an hour.

 

best home remedy for brown spots on skin

 

How Does It Work?

The major part of any lemon is citric acid which is known for ‘brightening’ the skin. Another antioxidant is Vitamin C or ascorbic acid which can neutralize free radicals as well prevent aging symptoms.

 

Not Good, If:

Do not expect magic within a short period. The duration of brightening will take one month to two.

You have sensitive skin. Do not use the third method. You can suffer from burns. Mix lemon juice with water or honey or rose water.

You have to go out after applying lemon juice on the affected areas. The skin will even turn darker than before.

 

5. Aloe Vera

One of the herbs which are known for its skin friendly properties. The skin is largely kept hydrated and smooth.

Step 1

You can cut an aloe vera leaf.

Step 2

Take the aloe vera gel and apply on the affected brown spots.

Step 3

The gel might be a little sticky, but you can leave on the skin and wash with water.

You can carry this process for half an hour twice every day and then wash with cold water.

 

top home remedies for brown spots on skin

 

How Does It Work?

The gel of aloe vera contains aloin, which is known for its sunscreen protectant properties. The gel is also known for its adaptogenic properties as it can stimulate the immune system of the body according to the environmental conditions. The high water content of aloe vera makes the skin stay hydrated, moisturized and rejuvenated. The gel softens and smoothes the skin thereby reducing the severity of the brown spots.

 

Not Good, If:

You are allergic to plants of the Liliaceae family such as onions, garlic or tulips. You can suffer from allergic reactions such as hives, redness on eyelids and inflammation on skin.

 

6. Horseradish

The herb which can do wonders for the skin, provided you have the patience to prepare the syrup to be applied.

Step 1

Take a horseradish piece of four to five inches and half a cup of apple cider vinegar.

Step 2

Also, have a storage container.

Step 3

Grate the horseradish and add the herb to apple cider vinegar.

Step 4

Now comes the difficult part. Leave the mixture for two weeks in a dark place.

Step 5

Ensure that you shake the mixture well every day.

Step 6

Strain the mixture in the storage container and take out the liquid.

Step 7

You can apply the liquid on the brown spots three times a day for thirty days.

 

horseradish for reducing the color of brown spots on skin
image Courtesy: www.theguardian.com

 

How Does It Work?

The high vitamin C content can assist in the peeling off and slows the melanin production in the skin. The herb is well-known as a rubefacient which can stimulate blood flow on the surface and beneath the skin. It can also be used externally for aches, pain, chronic rheumatism, arthritic and rheumatic joints.

 

Not Good, If:

  1. You feel discomfort on the skin after two or three applications. Your skin is sensitive and it is advisable that you discontinue this process.

 

7. Watermelon

Some people prefer using watermelon to get rid of brown spots of skin.

Step 1

Take a water melon and cut it to pieces.

Step 2

Rub the rind of a water melon over the affected parts.

Step 3

Let the residue sit for fifteen minutes on the face and then wash off with cold water.

You can notice the positive results after two months.

 

best home remedies for reducing color of brown spots on skin

 

How Does It Work?

The ‘fruit’ is rich in Vitamin C as well as antioxidant compounds and it can improve the texture of the skin. Most of the components of water melon are 92 percent water, but the melon also contains vital nutrients for the skin. It is packed with Vitamin C, B6 and A, amino acids, lycopene. Potassium is also found in minute quantities.

Vitamin A is good for the skin as it keeps the hair and skin moisturized. It also promotes growth of new elastin and collagen cells just as Vitamin C.

 

Not Good, If:

  1. You can suffer from allergic reactions if you are allergic to latex, cucumber and carrots.

 

8. Papaya

The medicinal properties of papaya can help in fading out the brown age spots.

Step 1

Take a small papaya and cut into small pieces.

Step 2

Rub on the affected parts smoothly for ten minutes. The pieces may be of two teaspoons quantity.

You will notice that the spots will fade over time.

Step 3

After fifteen minutes, you can wash the face with luke warm water.

Alternate Method

You can have the papaya pieces for breakfast or snacks but use the papaya peels.

Step 1

Take two teaspoons of papaya skin.

Step 2

Rub on the affected area for ten minutes.

Step 3

Repeat this process every day for three months till you get positive results.

 

top fruit remedy for decreasing the color of brown spots on skin

 

How Does It Work?

The enzymes of papaya are papain, chymopapain as well as alpha hydroxyl acids which can help in exfoliation. The age of the brown spots and also scars, blemishes of skin as well as other problems may also be eradicated with suitable passage of time. The result will be clean bright skin without any wrinkles or spots. Papain is used in anti-ageing creams.

 

Not Good, If:

  1. Some people are allergic to papaya; it is advisable to do a skin test.
  2. Take a papaya piece and rub on the skin. If you feel any allergic reactions such as irritation on the skin, then do not use this method.

 

9. Yogurt

Yogurt has been known to have bleaching properties on the skin. The skin can look lighter and so it can be used for getting relief from brown spots.

Step 1

You can take one tablespoon of yogurt, two tablespoons of fresh lime juice and the same amount of ground oatmeals in a bowl.

Step 2

You can stir all the ingredients to make a paste.

Step 3

Apply the paste on the affected skin with brown spots.

Step 4

Let the paste remain on the skin for half an hour.

Step 5

You can wash off the paste with cold water.

This process should be consistently followed for a week daily for at least two to three months.

 

yogurt for lessening the color of brown spots on skin
Image Courtesy: en.wikipedia.org

 

How Does It Work?

The presence of lactic acid on yogurt can make the process successful. The acid has bleaching properties, but the process has to be carried out continuously for at least three months. You can apply on the face for good results.

 

10. Castor Oil

A mixture of castor oil along with other oils may prove effective in removing the brown spots on skin.

Step 1

You need four ingredients – castor oil, olive oil, cotton ball and a bowl.

Step 2

You can put castor oil as well as the other oil in the bowl and mix it.

Step 3

Stir them well in the bowl and make a mixture.

Step 4

Dip the cotton ball in the oil and apply on the affected parts.

Step 5

You can continue this process twice a day, in the wee hours of morning as well as night time.

 

castor oil for reducing the color of brown spots on skin

 

How Does It Work?

The oil contains healing & anti-inflammatory qualities which can heal the brown spots on skin. Castor oil application can help the skin stay hydrated and keep it free from infections. It is mostly a triglyceride, and it is composed of fatty acids which can easily penetrate the layers of skin. The process promotes the production of elastin as well as collagen. The repairing of skin takes place and the wrinkles and fine lines can disappear on the face if you follow the process as well as a healthy life style.

 

Not Good, If:

  1. There are some people who are allergic to castor oil. So it is better to test on your wrist before trying on the affected areas.
  2. Do not use much castor oil on the face as it can lead to clogging of pores and lead to other unnecessary conditions.

 

11. Onion Juice

Another grandmother’s kitchen remedy from the skin for treatment of brown spots.

Step 1

Mix onion juice (one tablespoon), honey (two tablespoons) in a small bowl.

Step 2

Stir them well and apply on the affected areas.

Step 3

Let the paste remain on the areas for fifteen to twenty minutes.

Step 4

Then rinse them with cold water.

 

Alternate Method

Step 1

You can also take an onion and slice it to small pieces.

Step 2

Then simply apply on the skin and rub the area with the juice for ten minutes.

Step 3

Give a gap of ten minutes and then wash with cold water.

 

Kitchen home remedy for reducing color of brown spots on skin

 

II Alternate Method

Step 1

Ingredients: Onion juice, cotton ball and apple cider vinegar

Step 2

You can take an onion, slice into tiny pieces and then add apple cider vinegar in a bowl.

Step 3

Both onion slices and apple cider vinegar should be of the same quantity.

Step 4

You can dip a cotton ball in the bowl and apply on the affected areas.

Step 5

Then allow the paste to remain for thirty minutes and then wash off.

Step 6

You can use this process for at least six to nine weeks to see the positive results.

 

How Does It Work?

Onions have acidic properties along with bleaching nature which can assist in fading the brown spots on skin. It prevents the production of extra collagen. The components of onion are sulphuric compounds, phytochemicals, flavonoids and Vitamin C. The other phytochemicals are vinyldithiins, cepane, disulfides and trisulfides. All these compounds have antimicrobial and anticancer properties.

We sincerely hope that these simple remedies may assist you in clearing off the brown spots on your skin. The updates on every article will be consistent in livealittelonger.com. If you have knowledge of any home remedies be kind enough to put a note in the comments section.

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The age spots (or known in multiple names), they are not harmful and do not need medical care. However, look for spots that are very dark or if you find changes in appearance, it is time to visit the doctor as they can be symptoms of an underlying medical condition called as melanoma.

Kindly look for these symptoms:

  • If the spots are dark in color
  • The spots continuously expand their size
  • The borders are not perfect
  • They do not have a specific color, but a combination of colors
  • You suffer from itchiness, redness, bleeding or tenderness.

[/tab] [tab title=Valuable Prevention Tips]

You can avoid the sun in the time intervals of 10 am and 3 pm because the rays will have the maximum intense heat.

You can also wear a broad hat and wear tight clothes to cover the legs and arms.

In the diet, refrain from having sweets, alcohol, tobacco, junk foods and caffeine. The mentioned foods and drinks might contribute to the aging factor of the skin. Eat foods rich in Vitamin A and beta carotenes such as sweet potatoes, spinach, carrots, mango, pumpkin and cauliflower. Also take foods rich in potassium such as potato, sweet potato, spinach, ground nuts and coconut water.

For skin repair, you can take the foods rich in Vitamin E such as cashews, almonds, and peanuts. For Vitamin C, include papaya, orange, pineapple and strawberries in the diet.

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Natural Remedy Vs Pharmacy

Retin-A can be described as a good skin product for the prevention and treatment of brown spots (available by prescription). Some of the other popular names are Garnier Skin Renew Clinical Dark Spot Corrector, Physicians Formula Dark Spot Corrector and Neutrogena Vanishing Cream.

Other therapies include:

Laser and intense (pulsed light) therapy: The treatment involves the elimination of melanocytes but it does not damage the surface of the skin. The method might involve several sessions. Sun protection is mandatory after this treatment.

Cryotherapy (Freezing): In this method, liquid nitrogen is applied on the age spots for destroying the pigments. The technique will be effective only if there is less number of age spots.

Dermabrasion: The surface layer of the skin is cleaned by a fast rotating brush. The old layer is removed and a new skin layer is grown.

Chemical Peels: The method tries application of a chemical solution, when applied to the skin, will burn the old skin and the age spots will be removed. The age spots will be eliminated and a new skin will grow.

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