Is your throat itchy? Is it getting worse with sore? Do you feel uncomfortable during inhalation and exhalation? If the answer to all these questions is “yes”, then you should take care of your gullet in the right direction to avoid further problems. Cough occurs when the body clears all the large secretions in the throat region. However, some other factors include:
- Microbes, and
- Foreign objects
Though it is good that your body is clearing all the phlegm and irritants from the throat, even a little of it can be very debilitating. Of course, you can take pills and syrups but are they necessary for a mere cough? Also, you cannot deny that they have a lot of side effects. But yes, there are simple home remedies to treat your cough.
Before we list them to you, let us learn more about this ailment and its occurrences in detail. In the cough reflex, there are different phases by which the air is thrown out as a reaction. It appears to happen in a phased manner; wherein the inhalation follows the forced exhalation pushing the air through the glottis. In this process, the violent and the forceful air comes out of the lungs, making a distinctive sound while opening the glottis.
By occurrence, coughing is both involuntary and voluntary. Some of the other causes that play a crucial role in developing the cough include:
- Common cold
- Viral infection
- Flu, and
- Health sicknesses like lung cancer, asthma, and tuberculosis
Causes Of Cough
The Causes of cough can be classified into two types:
Let us look at them in detail.
A. Chronic Causes Of Cough
Here are the four chronic causes of cough:
When your body’s protective shield immune system clashes with some foreign bodies like pet dander, bee venom or pollen, it may react in some or may not in others. This action of your body is the allergy, and this happens when your body (internally) encounters the outside materials.
2. Asthma (commonly found in children)
Here, your body produces mucus in the air passages. The airways are narrowed due to swelling of the mucous. By this problem, breathing becomes difficult and subsequently wheezing, and coughing is triggered while shortening the breath.
The development of inflammation in the bronchial tube lining is the sole reason for the occurrence of bronchitis. While reacting to the ailment, the infected person often ends up in coughing with the thickened mucus. This can be discolored. This breathing problem occurs either in the acute or in the chronic form.
4. GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)
GERD falls under the category of chronic digestive illness. Not regularly, but occasionally if the content of the stomach including acids is made to enter into the esophagus (food pipe), then GERD problem occurs. The irritation caused by the substance on the lining of the esophagus is a major reason for the GERD appearance.
B. Acute Causes Of Cough
Here are the four acute causes of cough:
1. Common Cold
The nose and the throat region are bound to be infected in the case of a common cold. Your upper respiratory tract comes under the attack due to viral infection. Usually, this problem is not considered serious, but if it is left untreated for a long time, it may turn into a big health problem. The person may counter a runny nose, sneezing, congestion, cough and sore throat in general, but it changes from one individual to another depending upon his/her physical activities and immune power.
2. Influenza (flu)
The respiratory system of the person comes under the direct attack of the virus. The stomach flu differs from influenza or commonly called as flu. Vomiting and diarrhea are the results of stomach flu.
The inner burning of the air sacs in one or both the lungs develop due to an infection called Pneumonia. Reacting to this contagion, pus (purulent material) or fluid generates in the lungs, and this leads in causing the cough with pus or phlegm. And the appearance of chills, fever and breathing problems are the other illness factors that depend on the first problem.
4. Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
It is a highly infectious respiratory tract problem, where an individual ends up in having a high-pitched whoop cough. In this process, the air is inhaled and exhaled in a fast manner.
How To Get Rid Of Cough?
Coughing makes an individual feel tired and weak because this activity requires a lot of energy. Moreover, his or her sleeping, socializing, interacting, and other activities are disrupted. Coughing brings many other problems as well. These usually include chest pain, headaches, sweating, fractured ribs and poor bladder control. To help you relieve the discomfort, we have listed out the best remedies after a deep research.
10. Gargle Salt Water
So, we have heard this “salt water gargle” remedy plenty of times but does it work? Well, yes! A saline solution draws surplus fluid from the throat’s inflamed tissues. Also, gargling loosens the thick mucus and removes irritants like bacteria, fungi, and allergens from your throat. Follow the instructions given below:
- Step 1: Take one teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces of warm water. Stir them until they dissolve.
- Step 2: Gargle the mix for several seconds in a streak and spit the rinsed water.
- Step 3: Repeat the process and then rinse one more time with plain water.
How Does This Work?
There is a reason this age-old method is still actively used in the cold and cough treatment. This method is aimed at treating inflamed throat tissues and swelling of the mucous membrane. When there is a lot of salt in the throat cavity, osmosis occurs. It extracts the water from the cell tissues, as the body attempts to balance the concentration of salt. It brings momentary relief almost instantly. Salt water gargling also bleaches the throat of any loosely lodged phlegm, making it easier to expel.
In sore throats, the tissues are inflamed or swollen because they are filled with fluids, known as edema. When you gargle with salt water, the fluids are withdrawn from the inflamed tissues. Inflammation gets reduced, and you get temporary relief.
The mucous lining of the throat contains allergens, irritants, viruses and bacteria, which are the main sources of infection. The salt water eliminates all the ‘unwanted guests’ in the area providing relief. In simple words, it creates an environment where they cannot sustain.
Gargling With Salt Water Is Not Good, If:
- You use a high concentration of salt in the mixture while gargling. More salt can draw water from the throat and will dry the soft tissues. In fact, the remedy can backfire. You will start to experience more cough.
- You are prone to high blood pressure. If you consume salt water even by mistake, your body can become dehydrated, and you can experience dry mouth, rapid heartbeat, feelings of dizziness, and headaches.
9. Wild Cherry Bark
Most over-the-counter cough syrups (we are talking about the herbal ones here) contain wild cherry bark as one of the key ingredients. Have you ever thought why? Well, we will tell you. Wild Cherries are analgesic (meaning, “Pain relieving”), anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic. They open up your bronchioles and soothe the cough spasms. To prepare a tea using wild cherry, follow the recipe given below:
- Step 1: Take a cup of organic honey and one tablespoon of fresh lemon juice.
- Step 2: Take two teaspoons of wild cherries’ bark of wild cherries.
- Step 3: Stir the ingredients on medium heat till they simmer.
- Step 4: Remove from heat and allow it to cool for ten minutes.
- Step 5: Strain it and store in a clean glass bottle. You can even refrigerate this for months.
- Step 6: Whenever you have cough, take one tablespoon from the prepared mixture.
Note: This remedy is not for pregnant women and kids under the age 2.
How Does This Work?
Wild cherry contains chemical compounds like kaempferol, quercetin, and tannins, which are widely used for making syrups. Hence, its bark can be decocted or tinctured to make teas or infusions.
Wild Cherry Bark Is Not Good, If:
- You are breastfeeding, pregnant or planning for pregnancy.
- You take them in large proportions for a long-term. It can lead to deadly poisonings.
- You have liver disorders.
8. Carrot Juice
Carrots are one of the important veggies that function effectively against the vital symptoms of cough. To treat your cough using carrots, follow the steps written below:
- Step 1: Take 4-5 fresh carrots and slice them into small to medium pieces.
- Step 2: Get all the sliced carrot in a mixer and then add sufficient quantity of water to prepare the juice. In the mean process, you can add few drops of honey to increase its taste.
- Step 3: The juice must be consumed at least for 3 to 4 times in a day until you are free from cough. Prepare fresh juice instead of preparing it one-time and storing it for later use. Avoid doing this.
How Does This work?
Carrot juice is beneficial for people, who suffer from a chronic cough (asthma). The airways within get irritated and constricted, causing breathing difficulties and cough. The compounds of carrots — beta-carotene (Vitamin A) and choline can reduce the symptoms of asthma as well.
In the case of whooping cough in children, carrot juice increases the amount of Vitamin C and Vitamin A (for bacterial infection) in the body. Thus, it provides the immunity power against the infection. Adding a tablespoon of honey to the carrot juice can increase the effectiveness of home remedy treatment.
Carrot Juice Is Not Good, If:
- You are diabetic. Carrots have high sugar content (glycemic index 97). The sugar can convert to glucose and raise the number of sugar levels in the body. It is better to have steamed carrots in minute amounts.
- You are breastfeeding a baby. It has been found to change the flavor in breast milk. So it is vital to drink carrot juice in limited quantities.
The nutritional values of almonds play a very important role in providing relief from cough symptoms.
- Step 1: Firstly, take five to six pieces of almonds and then soak them in water for at least eight to ten hours.
- Step 2: Prepare the paste out of the soaked almonds and if you want you can add one teaspoon of butter to bring in the taste.
- Step 3: Continue to take the paste, at least, three to four times in a day and this has to be followed until you become free from all the symptoms.
How Does This Work?
Almonds have good numbers of phytochemicals and antioxidants. The medicinal chemical compounds found in almond are Phenylalanine, L-Carnitine, and they are responsible for clearing the area of upper respiratory tracts. Almonds also contain amandin (which is good for cough when mixed with milk) as the combination soothes the throat lining.
Almonds Are Not Good, If:
- You are diabetic. Sweet almond can lower blood sugar in some people. Look out for hypoglycemia (the same condition) and monitor the blood sugar carefully in case you have the same ailment.
- You are undergoing surgery. Doctors advise against the use of sweet almonds, at least, two weeks before the scheduled date. They can decrease blood sugar and slow the nervous system.
One of the oldest cough remedies to be used since ancient times is honey. This component is widely used in almost all cough syrups.
- Step 1: You can take two teaspoons of honey and mix with one cup of warm milk.
- Step 2: Consume the mixture in the morning and two hours before going to bed. You can also consume half a teaspoon of honey in case you have an extreme cough.
How Does This Work?
Honey has analgesic properties; the mucus is eliminated and forms a protective coating over the throat. You can also get relief from chest pain, the symptom of more coughing. It has the highest level of monosaccharides, glucose, and fructose. Honey has a small quantity of pollen, and if the body, when exposed, will trigger the immune response that helps in building antibodies.
Honey Is Not Good, If:
- You have pollen allergies or allergic to pollen.
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding. Though not much is known about the safety measures of honey in pregnant women, it is still to be safe. Avoid topical applications and medicinal amounts.
Note: Do not give honey to a baby suffering from cough because his or her digestive system is not fully developed.