Popularly known as the “breakbone fever,” dengue occurs due to a virus called DENV-1 and yes, they are from “mosquitoes.” It is not a life-threatening disease at the initial stages, but if left untreated, it can develop into severe complications resulting in dengue hemorrhagic fever.
The last stage of this fever is death, as the patient suffers from two things:
- Low levels of blood platelets, and
- Leakage of blood plasma
In 2015, 2.35 million cases of dengue were reported in the Americas alone, of which 10 200 cases were diagnosed as severe dengue causing 1181 deaths.
The other complications of dengue hemorrhagic fever are:
- Bleeding from gums and nose
- Liver enlargement
- Failure in the circulatory system, and
- Damage to blood and lymph vessels
Alternatively, dengue fever could also develop into dengue shock syndrome (DSS), where the patient will suffer from extremely low blood pressure, shock, and death. But, don’t be scared, as there are some amazing home remedies for dengue fever that can help. Before we list them to you; it is important for you to know a few things.
According to a survey conducted all over the globe, around 96 million dengue cases are reported every year. The affected people are mostly from tropical regions while the majority of risks occur in South East Asia, Taiwan, Southern China, The Pacific Islands, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Africa.
It has to be noted that most dengue infections in the United States (USA) happened to individuals when they travel abroad. However, the risk is more for people who live along the Texas-Mexico border and some parts of the South United States.
Mosquitoes (several species of the genus, Aedes) transmit dengue fever. The virus is divided into five types. If the mosquito has bitten a dengue-infected person and bites a new donor, he/she can be infected with the virus as well.
The mosquito is divided into multiple populations in the rainy seasons, but they can also dwell excellently in water-filled cans, plastic bags, and water-filled flower pots all around the year. You will be surprised to read that just one mosquito bite is enough to transmit this disease. However, it is non-contagious, meaning that it cannot spread from one person to the other.
Symptoms of Dengue
You can notice the symptoms of dengue in 3 – 6 or within 15 days after being infected. The symptoms can happen in stages. Usually, the symptom starts with a chill, then headache, pain in the movement of eyes, followed by a low backache and loss of appetite.
The body temperature can go very high — about 104° Fahrenheit or 40° Celsius. Also, you will have low heart rate (known as bradycardia) or low blood pressure (hypotension). The eyes can become red; other symptoms in the body include swollen lymph nodes in the groin and neck.
The duration of discomfort can last several days, and can include:
- You get extreme high fever suddenly
- Extreme headache
- You suffer from pain in the back of eyes
- Extreme muscle and joint pain
- Skin rashes (you can notice them two to five days after fever)
- Suffer from bleeding (easy bruises, bleeding gums or nosebleed).
9 Herbal & Home Remedies For Dengue Fever
Dengue Fever has created a big fear in humans. The tropical and subtropical areas, in particular, have been the main concern to WHO (World Health Organization) and governments. Consequently, the hunt for anti-dengue herbs and other medicinal plants have become necessary more than ever.
Talking about medicinal plants or herbs, they have always been used to treat multiple diseases. The demand for medicinal plants is growing for three simple reasons:
- 100% natural
- Free from non-toxic effects
Considering this, we have well researched and written some important remedies to cure dengue fever. So, make a note of these herbs:
9. Papaya Leaf Juice
While some say that a remedy like this is just a hoax, but there may be some reality after all. A lot of research papers and studies have demonstrated that papaya leaf juice is extremely beneficial and is one of the best home remedies for dengue fever. Hence, once you are sure about the signs, try this remedy immediately:
- Step 1: Take a fresh papaya leaf and cut it into slices. Ensure that you remove the veins.
- Step 2: Mix the leaves with 10 ml of cold water.
- Step 3: Ground the mixture and filter it.
- Step 4: Strain it and drink the juice four times a day.
How Does This Work?
The organic compounds and nutrients in papayas can enhance the blood cells in the body; huge resources of Vitamin C can assist in stimulating the immune system, and the antioxidants perform their part of eliminating of other toxins from the blood.
Although the exact pathway is unclear, papaya leaves are widely known as being a natural cure for dengue fever. The complex mix of nutrients and organic compounds in papayas can cause a rise in your platelet count, the high levels of vitamin C help stimulate the immune system, and the antioxidants help to reduce oxidative stress and eliminate excess toxins in the blood.
Papaya Leaves Are Not Good, If:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- You are allergic to a compound called papain.
- You are allergic to latex.
- You have undergone surgery or about to have one soon.
8. Green Chiretta Herbal Tea
According to a research paper, Green chiretta (or Andrographis paniculata) demonstrated the maximum antiviral inhibitory effects on DENV-1 (Dengue Virus). This erect, medicinal herb belongs to the family of Acanthaceae and is native to Sri Lanka and India.
- Green chiretta (or Andrographis paniculata)
- Chrysopogon zizanioides
- Coleus vettiveroides roots (or Plectranthus vettiveroides)
- Licorice (or Glycyrrhiza glabra)
- Snake gourd (or Trichosanthes cucumerina)
- Nut grass (or Cyperus rotundus)
- Dried ginger
- Black pepper (or Piper nigrum)
- Indian sandalwood (Santalum album)
Method of Preparation:
- Step 1: Take ½ teaspoon of each herb.
- Step 2: Add 2 to 3 cups of water to it.
- Step 3: Boil it for 10 minutes.
- Step 4: Once warm, drink a cup of it.
- Step 5: Repeat the process two times in a day.
How Does This Work?
Andrographis paniculata contains a lot of medicinal components like diterpenoids, flavonoids, diterpene glycosides, flavonoid glycosides, and lactones. Also, it has methanolic extracts in large proportions, which is proven highly effective against dengue virus.
Chrysopogon zizanioides or vetiver (derived from the Tamil language: vettiver) is a perennial grass, which is commercially used for extracting fragrance oils. However, it holds a lot of medicinal values. Once consumed, it exhibits diaphoretic, febrifuge, cooling, stomachic, emmenagogue, and stimulant actions. Since it is refrigerant by nature, it can cure fever, swelling, shivering, and body pain.
Coleus vettiveroides (or vilamichu ver in Tamil) is another medicinal herb to bring the temperature down. These strong aromatic roots look much similar to Cuscus grass.
Traditionally used for GI (Gastrointestinal) problems, licorice is used as a savoring agent in candy and tobacco industries. The compounds triterpenoids, polysaccharides (mannose, sucrose, and starches), and polyphenols have many antiviral properties, which is why it is effective in the treatment of dengue fever.
Trichosanthes cucumerina or snake gourd is a natural blood purifier. Also, it is germicidal, hepatoprotective, laxative, and an appetizer. Its bioactive compounds (bryononic acid, chondrillasteryl glucoside, dihydro cucurbitacin B, bryonolic acid, and cucurbitacin B) exhibit antiviral and antimalarial properties.
Cyperus rotundus or nut grass is found in almost all temperate, tropical, and subtropical regions. In India, it is popularly known as Nagarmotha, which is claimed to contain essential oils, terpenoids, flavonoids, cyprotene, sesquiterpenes, aselinene, cyperene, valencene, rotundene, gurjunene, cyperol, cadalene, trans-calamenene, mustakone, cyperotundone, acyperone, isocyperol, etc.
Dried ginger is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial. Apart from helping the body temperature to drop down, it helps relieve migraine, diabetes, phlegm and intestinal worms.
Pepper is a bioavailability and carminative enhancer. This traditional herb has been widely used for fever, indigestion, dyspepsia, and flatulence. However, if you are expecting a baby, avoid this herb, as it can cause miscarriages and other serious complications.
Sandalwood, on the other hand, has antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifebrile, hypotensive, antibacterial, and cooling properties. It has been traditionally used to treat fever. Despite this, it also cures low immunity, urinary tract infections, liver disorders, gallbladder problems, and inflammation.
7. Drink Plenty of Water
Drink as much as water as you can during fever or cold to replace the fluid loss. In dengue, due to extreme fever and body pain, the circulation of blood can be affected along with dehydration. It is mandatory to consume water (hot water will be preferable) in more amounts so that the body stays hydrated. This will ease the symptoms like muscle cramps and headaches. Also, water can flush and eliminate the toxins that can act as a contributor to the detrimental effects of the pathogen.
6. Neem Leaves’ Juice
Neem leaves are considered useful for many ailments and dengue is just one of them. To try a remedy using neem leaves, follow the steps given below:
- Step 1: Take a small bowl of fresh neem leaves and a bowl of cold water.
- Step 2: Ground the leaves and filter them.
- Step 3: Consume around 10 ml of this mixture three to four times a day.
Fever will gradually subside. The intake of the mixture has to be followed even after the symptoms recede, for the next two days.
How Does This Work?
The neem leaves help in increasing the blood platelet count as well as the white blood cells. It also improves the immune system, and you can return to the normal stages. One of the most popular insecticidal components of neem leaves is azadirachtin. Other compounds are salannin, deactyl-azadirachtinol, etc. The components that assist in controlling inflammation are Nimbin, nimbidin, and quercetin.
Nimbidol and gedunin can be defined as anti-fungal agents that can destroy fungi. Neem leaves are also known as analgesics, as they provide relief in times of pain. The components of neem leaves stimulate the immune system of the body; detoxification occurs, and a healthy digestive and respiratory system come to the core.
Neem Leaves Are Not Good, If:
- You are pregnant or seeking pregnancy. Consumption is restricted to both males and females.
- Refrain from giving the dose to children. Severe side effects can occur such as diarrhea, seizures, brain disorders, etc.
- You are diabetic. The components of neem leaves interact with antidiabetes drugs.