Popularly known as the “breakbone fever,” dengue occurs due to a virus called DENV-1 and yes, they are from “mosquitoes.” It is not a life-threatening disease at the initial stages, but if left untreated, it can develop into severe complications resulting in dengue hemorrhagic fever. The last stage of this fever is death, as the patient suffers from two things:
- Low levels of blood platelets, and
- Leakage of blood plasma
The other complications of dengue hemorrhagic fever are:
- Bleeding from gums and nose
- Liver enlargement
- Failure in the circulatory system, and
- Damage to blood and lymph vessels
Alternatively, dengue fever could also develop into dengue shock syndrome (DSS), where the patient will suffer from extremely low blood pressure, shock, and death. But, don’t be scared, as there are some amazing home remedies for dengue fever that can help. Before we list them to you; it is important for you to know a few things.
Note: If you have a loved one suffering from dengue fever (if he/she has low immunity or this infection has occurred the second time), the person is likely to develop complications like the dengue hemorrhagic fever. It is extremely important to treat dengue at the initial stages. Else, it can lead to death.
According to a survey conducted all over the globe, around 96 million dengue cases are reported every year. The affected people are mostly from tropical regions while the majority of risks occur in South East Asia, Taiwan, Southern China, The Pacific Islands, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Africa.
It has to be noted that most dengue infections in the United States happened to individuals when they travel abroad. However, the risk is more for people who live along the Texas-Mexico border and some parts of the South United States.
Mosquitoes (several species of the genus, Aedes) transmit dengue fever. The virus is divided into five types. If the mosquito has bitten a dengue-infected person and bites a new donor, he/she can be infected with the virus as well.
The mosquito is divided into multiple populations in the rainy seasons, but they can also dwell excellently in water-filled cans, plastic bags, and water-filled flower pots all around the year. You will be surprised to read that just one mosquito bite is enough to transmit this disease. However, it is non-contagious, meaning that it cannot spread from one person to the other.
Symptoms of Dengue
You can notice the symptoms of dengue in 3 – 6 or within 15 days after being infected. The symptoms can happen in stages. Usually, the symptom starts with a chill, then headache, pain in the movement of eyes, followed by a low backache and loss of appetite.
The body temperature can go very high — about 104° Fahrenheit or 40° Celsius. Also, you will have low heart rate (known as bradycardia) or low blood pressure (hypotension). The eyes can become red; other symptoms in the body include swollen lymph nodes in the groin and neck.
The duration of discomfort can last several days, and can include:
- You get extreme high fever suddenly
- Extreme headache
- You suffer from pain in the back of eyes
- Extreme muscle and joint pain
- Skin rashes (you can notice them two to five days after fever)
- Suffer from bleeding (easy bruises, bleeding gums or nosebleed).
The symptoms are similar to flu and other viral infections. In fact, children will suffer from milder symptoms in case of an infection than adults.
Dengue infection can be diagnosed via a blood test, where a physician locates the virus or antibodies that cause the infection. It is advisable to consult a doctor if you have a low immunity or have traveled to a tropical area recently and became sick. Your physician will analyze the possibility of the symptoms.
9 Herbal & Home Remedies For Dengue Fever
Dengue Fever has created a big fear in humans. The tropical and subtropical areas, in particular, have been the main concern to WHO (World Health Organization) and governments. Consequently, the hunt for anti-dengue herbs and other medicinal plants have become necessary more than ever.
Talking about medicinal plants or herbs, they have always been used to treat multiple diseases. The demand for medicinal plants is growing for three simple reasons:
- 100% natural
- Free from non-toxic effects
Considering this, we have well researched and written some important remedies to cure dengue fever. So, make a note of these herbs:
9. Papaya Leaf Juice
While some say that a remedy like this is just a hoax, but there may be some reality after all. A lot of research papers and studies have demonstrated that papaya leaf juice is extremely beneficial and is one of the best home remedies for dengue fever. Hence, once you are sure about the signs, try this remedy immediately:
- Step 1: Take a fresh papaya leaf and cut it into slices. Ensure that you remove the veins.
- Step 2: Mix the leaves with 10 ml of cold water.
- Step 3: Ground the mixture and filter it.
- Step 4: Strain it and drink the juice four times a day.
How Does This Work?
Papaya leaves contain enzymes like papain and chymopapain, which help in normalizing the platelet count, improves liver function, deals with blood clotting, and heals the liver damage (done by dengue virus).
The organic compounds and nutrients in papayas can enhance the blood cells in the body; huge resources of Vitamin C can assist in stimulating the immune system, and the antioxidants perform their part of eliminating of other toxins from the blood.
Although the exact pathway is unclear, papaya leaves are widely known as being a natural cure for dengue fever. The complex mix of nutrients and organic compounds in papayas can cause a rise in your platelet count, the high levels of vitamin C help stimulate the immune system, and the antioxidants help to reduce oxidative stress and eliminate excess toxins in the blood.
There are also other active compounds such as papain, chymopapain, caricain as well as glycine endopeptidase, which have the ability to improve pepsin degradation and acidic pH conditions. Other medicinal components include ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), cystatin, flavonoids, glucosinolates, cyanogenic glucosides, etc.
Papaya Leaves Are Not Good, If:
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- You are allergic to a compound called papain.
- You are allergic to latex.
- You have undergone surgery or about to have one soon.