Diarrhea is one of the commonest conditions that affect millions globally. So, the question is how will you know if you have diarrhea? Well, if you have been passing motion more than thrice a day in a streak and if your motion is loose or semi-liquid, then understand that you are suffering from diarrhea. Diarrhea can occur to anyone without being specific to age or gender.
Diarrhea lasts for a few days where you will be at a risk of dehydration. The heavy loss of fluids from the body can result in:
- Decreased urination
- Change of skin color
- Elevated heartbeat, and
- Reduced responsiveness
Breastfed babies can pass the motion in semi-liquid form, and it is normal during the diarrhea episode. However, there are some amazing home remedies for diarrhea that can help. Before we list them to you, it is important for you to know a few things.
Types of Diarrhea
This condition occurs when there is an ionic charge imbalance in the lumen. It causes active secretion with no absorption. Hence, as a remedy, sodium is administered to lace the water with salt supplements. Cholera toxin is another common reason for Secretory Diarrhea. The fluid secretion also occurs when there is no intake of food.
When a lot of water is brought into the bowels for excretion, it is known as Osmotic diarrhea. If you drink fluids that are rich in salt or sugar, you would be exposed to the risk of osmotic diarrhea. If you have digested partially cooked food, it can contribute to Osmotic diarrhea. When you experience this condition, the nutrients in the lumen pull the fluids and store them to be released as waste. The chances of acquiring Osmotic digestion are more when there is an excess accumulation of undigested lactose, magnesium or vitamin C.
If you have been suffering from Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or infections like E.coli, it is common to spot blood and pus in the stool. Exudative diarrhea is specific to Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and symptomatic to food poisoning.
You will experience a passive loss of protein-rich fluid when you have inflammatory diarrhea. It is caused when there is damage to the mucosal lining. The traits of other types of diarrheas can be found in inflammatory diarrhea. The common causes are bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic, and autoimmune issues.
Causes of Diarrhea
Diarrhea is caused by enteritis, colon cancer, and tuberculosis.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The classifications of this disease are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Often mistaken for Immune Bowel Disease (IBD), the symptoms continue to stand apart from the IBD. The significant difference is the inflammation and the irritation. The latter is the case in Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
- Bacterial Infections: Major causes of bacterial manifestations are E. coli, salmonella, and campylobacter. These bacteria are acquired from intake of contaminated food or drink. It is known that once you acquire these bacteria, you up your chances of developing the IBD at a later stage.
- Dysentery: If you see blood in your stool, do not be alarmed, it isn’t life threatening. Rupture of bowel tissues causes blood in the excrement. The bacteria causing the dysentery are Salmonella and Shigella Entamoeba histolytica.
Symptoms of Diarrhea
The virus that particularly infects your gut is the main cause for diarrhea. The symptoms of diarrhea will last a couple days. The diarrhea symptoms include:
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease: It causes inflammation in the digestive tract, and it is likely that you will notice secondary symptoms like rectal bleeding, pain, and fever. In some cases, weight loss is eminent.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome: The symptoms are stomach pain, constipation, bloating and diarrhea.
- Bacterial Infections: Fluid loss from the body during the diarrhea episode is a major concern. You will feel tired and may faint. Hence, staying hydrated is paramount when you have frequent loose motion.
14 Best Home Remedies For Diarrhea
14. Herbs: Centella Asiatica Leaves + Anise Seeds
Popularly known as Gotu Kola, Centella Asiatica is a beautiful perennial herb, which as green and fan-shaped leaves. Native to India, China, Indonesia, and Japan, this herb is used for treating various ailments.
Even though Centella Asiatica is safe when consumed as directed or in minimal amounts, the Maryland University warns if you are taking this herb for over six weeks, especially if you are administering on your own without the direction of a doctor.
On the other hand, Anise seeds is also a herb. Its oil and seed (fruit) is widely used for making medicines. The leaves and roots are rarely used. Anise seeds help in the treatment of intestinal gas, upset stomach, productive cough, and runny nose. Since it is diuretic in nature, it can increase the urine flow. These two ingredients are one of the best home remedies for diarrhea. To prepare this herbal mixture for treating diarrhea, follow the instructions given below:
- Step 1: Take one teaspoon of Centella Asiatica powder and one teaspoon of anise seeds powder.
- Step 2: Mix both the herbal powders in a small bowl and chew it raw.
- Alternate method: You can boil both the herbal powders with water for 10 minutes. Strain the mixture and drink once warm.
How Does This Work?
Centella Asiatica has a set of saponins called triterpenoids, which give the herb its therapeutic effects. They also are fortified with natural flavonoids, sterols, flavones, lipids, and amino acids, which help in healing indigestion, stomach pain and other intestine related problems.
On the other hand, anise seeds are rich in nutrients like vitamin B2, B1, C, phosphorus, calcium, sulfur, potassium, aromatic essences, and iron. They are mildly anti-parasitic. Hence, help in killing the intestinal parasites that caused diarrhea.
The Remedy Is Not Good, If:
- You have liver disorders.
- You have cancerous lesions on your skin.
- You are on any other medication.
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding
- You are allergic to plants like anise (fennel, dill, coriander, celery, caraway, asparagus, and cumin).
- You are suffering from uterine cancer, breast cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and ovarian cancer.